Posts Tagged ‘Human Rights’
Humans would have to live in a society, no one can last a long time isolated from other people. Some philosophers have expressed this idea with phrases like “human beings are social animals” or “we are what we are thanks to our relationships with others Currently, a number of philosophers still remember that the person is a subject that has always lived in the creative community .. But it is impossible to live in society without the minimal rules of justice as part of the moral and should be ratified by law.
A. Rules and the game with a fellowship
There are several types of standards that we humans are to guide the behavior of people in society: there is a moral, which is their universal needs, because they show how everyone should behave if you want to behave humanely, other legal entity, which is an established authority in each political authority, and directed to all members, and others use more social, which are practices that do not have a standard range of moral or legal validity of the bay, the dress code, etiquette, etc..
There are occasions when the law and morality against certain social practices.
Before the rules of all kinds, namely, the question at least three different things: the right, if it is legal and what extent it is true. When we ask whether the rule is right or wrong, we propose a moral issue, this is a matter of moral legitimacy, so that it focuses on the ethical aspects. To answer this question, we need to clarify our criteria of social justice, and we will draw on different theories of justice. But if we ask whether a law or illegal, we face the question of the validity or legality of the law: the rule of law can be part of a country, or at least not against the law, and then we say that it is legal, if not to say illegal, This aspect is to the knowledge of law, namely the right. Finally, when we consider the question whether a social rule at this time, we refer to the social success of the standard: a standard may have little social acceptance, but is morally correct or even if it is legally valid, and instead to other people who enjoy the recognition that widely in practice, regardless of whether they are supported by morality or law, the social aspects of the effective interest primarily to sociology.
Three analytical perspectives of social norms that we have noted (ethics, law and sociology) are somewhat independent under its own approach and methods, but there is some connection between them. For example, the law can not ignore ethics, since one of the legal function is to serve as a legal means to achieve and maintain a just society, and ethics that we have to clarify what social justice.
2. – The theory of justice.
Justice comes from the Latin word “iustitia” that Roman law is translated as “constant and continues to give everyone his rights. There are several theories of justice, is as follows.
Plato: justice and social harmony aristocratic. For Plato, perfectly just society would be one in which each function is performed correctly assigned to the authorities, according to their physical and mental abilities. Plato proposed to all political forces to guard wise, and distribute economic goods so that social goals have priority over the individual. As for how to allocate the functions, proposed to be carried out under natural talent shows in the early years of the boy or girl, without discrimination based on sex. Thus, command posts the best coverage, and you can achieve social harmony in which he says, is justice. Read the rest of this entry »
At a press conference, the group coordinator, Isaac Torres Carmona said that this murder remains unpunished, while the government has become complicit in endorsing this fact it was a suicide, “version that is not credible” he said.
Accompanied by the leader of the Organization of Indigenous Zapotec (OPIZ), Juan Sosa Maldonado, urged the authorities to know the truth behind each of the murders and made the call to federal and state governments to ensure the safety of human rights defenders.
“The leaders of groups or advocates, live in a constant suicide because the Mexican state provides impunity to the murderers,” he complained.
Also, Sosa Maldonado, reproached in Oaxaca, intellectual and material authors of murder walking in the center, as did former Gov. Ulises Ruiz Ortiz last weekend, at what the current government so far has not found sufficient evidence to proceed against him.
So both human rights advocates called on the authorities to clarify the murders were caused by repression.
The alliance is made by the Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras (CODEH), the Center for Research and Promotion of Human Rights (CIPRODEH) and the Center for Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture and Family (CPTRT).
“The purpose of joining forces with civil society organizations and social movement to achieve concrete objectives are based upon the defense of human rights an integral dimension, individual, collective, gender, respect for sexual diversity, the culture, economic, social, political and environmental people, communities and peoples, “defined CPTRT director, Juan Almendarez Bonilla.
FIGURES OF VIOLENCE
The alliance cited figures from the United Nations (UN), in the sense that Honduras is the most violent country in the world, which has the highest homicide rates, 82 per 100,000 people compared to a global rate 8.8. It is projected that by the end of 2011, will reach 86, without taking into account that some cities reached in 2010, an average of 158 homicides per 100,000 people.
“In the early 80′s was installed U.S. base in Palmerola, is operationalized National Security Doctrine, whose bone was in the military to counter political opposition and the result was the violation of human rights, forced disappearances and youth manhunt conscription “he asked.
He noted that “in the 90 is separated from the Armed Police Force. Creation of the Justice Department and the Criminal Investigation Department is part of this entity. In the last decade, increases the re-militarization of society under the pretext of war against gangs, crime and combating social drugs. ” Read the rest of this entry »